According to the Australian Department of Health, between 2011 and 2012 alone, it is estimated that diseases of the circulatory system affected 3.7 million Australians, including an estimated 1 million cases involving heart disease and stroke. What’s more, 43,946 fatalities were recorded in 2012 due to heart disease.
If you don’t want to become a part of this statistic, you must know how to prevent heart attack (as well as other cardiovascular diseases) by starting to make smart choices now rather than later. Be Heart Strong will tell you how below.
Eat a Well-Balanced Diet
A well-balanced diet is vital to keep your heart and your circulatory system healthy. Eat plenty of green leafy vegetables, fruits, lean meat, whole grains, and fish, and reduce your intake of salt, fat, and sugar. If you must drink alcohol, only do so in moderation.
Perform Regular Exercise
At least 30 minutes of daily, moderate exercise will aid you in maintaining your cardiovascular fitness, while at least 60 minutes of thrice-weekly (or more) exercise can help keep your weight in check.
Tobacco, regardless of the form — cigarettes, pipes, cigars, etc. — is hazardous to your health, period. Second-hand smoke is equally, if not more dangerous. Know that your risk of getting a heart attack or stroke will instantly be reduced the minute you stop smoking for good.
Manage your Blood Pressure
Know that you may not experience any symptoms if you have high blood pressure, but it’s among the leading causes of sudden heart attack or stroke. Always check your blood pressure and make the necessary measures to regulate it.
Know your Blood Cholesterol
High blood cholesterol and blood lipids can increase your risk of getting a heart attack and stroke. You should control your blood cholesterol through a well-balanced diet and medication, if needed.
Control your Blood Sugar
High blood glucose or having diabetes also increases your risk of stroke and heart attack. Always keep your blood sugar in check with appropriate medication.
A critical aspect of how to prevent heart attack and stroke is getting necessary treatment with at high risk for heart attacks and reducing this risk. To do this, you must first have your cardiovascular risk evaluated by a healthcare professional so you can take the necessary steps to lower your overall cardiovascular risk.