Pain and dysfunction are the two main symptoms of temporomandibular disorders. It can resolve by itself or progress into a chronic condition. The temporomandibular joint sits right in front of the ear. You will feel the joint components moving when you touch the area while opening and closing the mouth.
There are numerous treatment options for the disorder, including medications, use of devices, and surgical procedures, as well. Tmjsleepindiana.com notes that you should know a few things about the condition before you agree to any treatment intervention.
Simple steps to take
After receiving a confirmed diagnosis of temporomandibular disorder (TMD), the best that you can do is consider available options with a physician or dentist specializing in the disease. Since the most common symptoms are pain and discomfort, the doctor will give you analgesics.
The pain may be localized, or it may spread to other parts of the face. Analgesics work sometimes, but if there is a mechanical problem involving the capsule within the joint, there are more pertinent issues to address aside from the pain.
Jaw movements to avoid
The most conservative approach to TMD management is avoiding extreme movements of the jaw. Chewing and yawning are functions of the temporomandibular joint. If there is dysfunction, these movements have to be minimized. At the least, you should avoid extremely wide opening of the mouth, and refrain from chewing gum while the pain and discomfort remain. In addition, it will not help if you consciously keep your mouth shut.
Clenching and grinding are not favorable to the TMJ as well because these activities put additional stress on the joint. To lower the stresses on the joint, your doctor will advise you to keep the teeth slightly apart while relaxing the jaw muscles. This is how you relieve pressure on the temporomandibular joint.
A qualified physician will know what to recommend after a comprehensive interview and physical examination. Based on the available medical literature, TMJ doctors in Indiana usually prescribe medications, massage, stretching, moist heat, and a diet consisting of soft foods. Most doctors recommend these conservative treatment options first.