Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Venous Insufficiency

Venous InsufficiencyThe first indication that you are suffering from venous insufficiency is pain in your legs. The venous disease occurs when the internal walls of your leg veins deteriorate and the small valves became defective and ineffective. The result is difficulty in blood returning to the heart from the legs and instead forming “pools” in the veins, also known as stasis. Small valve damage may arise as the result of aging, long sitting periods or standing or as a combination of aging and immobility.

Symptoms of Venous Insufficiency

Some of the symptoms of venous insufficiency disease include:

• swelling of the legs or ankles, also known as edema

• cramping, itching, aching, throbbing, or a feeling of heaviness and or weakness in your legs

• pain that becomes worse when you stand or walk and gets better when you raise your legs

• thickening and changing skin color on the legs or ankles

• leg ulcers

• varicose veins

• a feeling of tension in your calves


Diagnosis of venous insufficiency includes a physical examination by your doctor; the doctor will also take your full medical history to figure out if you have venous insufficiency. Imaging tests like venogram or a duplex ultrasound will help them understand the source of your problem.

Treatment and Management

According to, vein disease treatment and management will depend on many factors, including the reason for the condition, your health status, and history. Other aspects include your specific symptoms, your age, and how well you can tolerate the treatment. Compression treatment using prescription stocking is the foundation of the modern treatment of venous insufficiency. Surgical intervention is standard for acute cases of venous diseases.

Several other strategies include:

• Improving your blood flow by keeping your legs elevated whenever you can, keeping your legs unclosed while seated or by regular exercises.

• Taking medication like diuretics, anticoagulants, pentoxifylline, etc. that will help ease your symptoms

• By use of Sclerotherapy which is a treatment technique used in advanced venous insufficiency. A chemical is injected into the damaged small vein so that it is no longer capable of carrying blood. Blood will then return to your heart through other veins, and the body will eventually absorb the damaged vein.

• In acute cases, your doctor can use a catheter procedure for larger veins. A catheter is inserted into the vein; heat is applied at the end of it, and then it is removed. The heat will cause the large vein to close as the catheter is taken out.

Venuous insufficiency is rarely a laughing matter. When you check this list and find that you’re suffering from most of the symptoms, a trip to the doctor should be in order.